What is the objective of the game Catan?

What is the objective of the game Catan?Introduction

Catan, also known as The Settlers of Catan, is a popular board game designed by Klaus Teuber. Released in 1995, this strategic and engaging game has won numerous awards and captivated millions of players worldwide. The game's objective revolves around exploration, resource management, and negotiation, creating an immersive experience that challenges players to build the most prosperous settlement on the fictional island of Catan.

The Island of Catan: A Land of Opportunities

Catan is set on a beautiful and unexplored island teeming with resources such as wood, brick, wheat, ore, and sheep. Players take on the roles of settlers who have arrived on the island to establish and expand their settlements. The game board consists of hexagonal tiles representing different terrains, each generating specific resources. These resources are the lifeblood of the game, as players use them to construct roads, settlements, and cities, and to acquire development cards.

The Victory Points Race

The primary objective of Catan is to be the first player to reach a predetermined number of Victory Points (usually 10). Victory Points serve as a representation of a player's progress in building a thriving settlement and reflect their overall success in the game. Throughout the game, players can accumulate Victory Points through various means, each requiring strategic planning and shrewd decision-making.

Building Roads, Settlements, and Cities

Expanding and developing settlements is key to gaining Victory Points. Players use resources to build roads that connect their settlements and enable access to more valuable locations on the island. Additionally, players can construct settlements on the intersections of hexagons, thereby gaining access to the resources produced by those tiles. Upgrading settlements to cities increases their resource output and grants more Victory Points.

Development Cards and the Element of Surprise

Development cards are another crucial aspect of the game. They can be purchased using resources and can grant various advantages, including resources, points, and special abilities. Among these cards are Knight cards, which provide protection against the robber—a pivotal game element that can disrupt resource production. Players can also collect a combination of special development cards known as "Longest Road" and "Largest Army," offering additional Victory Points to those who achieve them.

Trade and Diplomacy

Catan emphasizes social interaction through trade and negotiation. Players can trade resources with each other to obtain the materials they need or secure favorable deals. Negotiation skills play a significant role in this aspect, as players can barter and make alliances to further their own objectives or hinder their opponents'. The trading element introduces an exciting dynamic where alliances and rivalries can change quickly, leading to intense and unpredictable gameplay.

The Robber and Resource Management

The robber is a game piece that players can move to block resource production from a specific hexagon. This adds a layer of complexity to resource management, as players must balance their own growth while hindering their opponents. Skillful use of the robber can disrupt an opponent's plans and create opportunities for strategic gains.


The objective of the game Catan is to build the most prosperous settlement on the island of Catan and accumulate Victory Points. Players achieve this by expanding their settlements, constructing roads and cities, and acquiring development cards. Through strategic resource management, negotiation, and interaction with other players, Catan provides a dynamic and immersive gaming experience that has captivated players of all ages and skill levels. The game's blend of strategy, social dynamics, and luck makes each playthrough a unique and rewarding challenge, ensuring its enduring popularity in the world of board gaming.